Reptiles of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is considered a hot spot for reptile observation. The tropical climatic conditions, natural forest cover and favorable environmental conditions have promoted the survival and breeding of reptiles. There are 208 species of reptiles in Sri Lanka with 116 endemic species. Sri Lanka is home to all categories of reptiles namely Crocodiles, Snakes, Lizards and Monitors and Turtle & tortoise. Interestingly Sri Lanka has 96 species of snakes, one of the highest densities of snakes in the world with close to 50% being endemic. There are 13 species of coastal water snakes, 10 species of blind snakes and just five truly venomous. Sri Lanka has two species of Crocodiles the Mugger and it has 08 species of marine turtles in addition to fresh water turtles and a single species of land tortoise. Most of the reptiles can be seen in Yala, Wilpattu, Udawalawe, Wasgamuwa, Minneriya, Sinharaja and in all national parks in the country.